Pulse parmesan in a food processor a few times. Then add panko and pulse until both ingredients are finely ground. Season crumb mixture with freshly ground black pepper, then set aside on a plate or in a shallow dish.
Place the goat cheese in a small bowl. Mince the garlic. Sprinkle the salt over the minced garlic and mash with the side of a knife until it becomes paste-like.
Add the garlic paste to the goat cheese. Season with freshly ground black pepper.